You can divide any given population into two distinct groups: cat people or dog people; Republicans or Democrats; Neil Diamond fans or Neil Diamond haters.
For editors, it's no differentâthere are Writers Who Edit, and Editors Who Write.
Whichever one you are is irrelevant for the most part, except when it comes to dealing with writers. For fun, I sent out a mass email to colleagues past and present asking them which type of editor they prefer and why. They had some pretty interesting opinions âŠ as writers often do.
Most writers want an editor who will improveârather than overhaulâwhat theyâve submitted. Inversely, most editors want writers who are also mind readers. It ainât gonna happen!
âI prefer an editor who just tightens up and polishes what I've given,â says June Dollar, who wrote a story for Southern Breeze about boiled peanuts, a Southern delicacy. âDon't take away from the flavor. The editor's job is not to rewrite the story the way he or she would have written it.â
According to Mississippi-based writer and author Marlo Kirkpatrick, if the writer has done a good job to begin with, suggestions should relate to how a good article could be improvedââadding a sidebar, getting an extra quotation from a source with a differing opinion, etc.âârather than suggestions or rewrites needed to correct sloppy work.â
âA good editor knows how to present his ideas, not rewrite the piece or even present his/her solution,â wrote Deb Burst, an award-winning, Louisiana-based writer. âPlain and simple, an editorâs job is to edit--guide the writer to crank out the best possible copy in the writer's own voice.â
Deb also made an interesting parallel between writing and parenting that I thought was especially relevant. Like both parenting and editing, the challenge is knowing how much is enough. âToo much [parenting] and you have a child with no self-confidence or sense of accomplishment, constantly told that their work is never good enough. Too little parenting offers no real direction and a child that craves knowledge and guidelines.â
Kathie Farnell, a former lawyer who left those legal briefs behind to pursue freelance writing, says that vague instructions (âAdd more flavorâ) donât do anyone any favors while yet another editorâs oddly specific instructions (âTake out that commaâ) didnât really provide much guidance.
As for me, I consider myself one of those âeditors who writes.â Iâve worked with the other type of editor andâlike my colleagues have alluded to aboveâthe result was a good article that had my byline but I didnât really recognize it upon publication. Itâs not a good feeling; itâs like youâve been scolded in print.
If the writer understands the assignment from get-go then there should be very little work on the editorâs part. Iâve queried writers about the usual things like âWhat does that mean?â or âWho said this?â or âneeds a conclusionâ or âtake out that comma.â But in the end, while it is your publication, it IS the writerâs voice that should be heard. Otherwise, why would you hire them in the first place? Editing every story the way one person would write it will eventually result in a magazine more akin to a colorful textbook.
Deb concluded her e-mail with the following: âEditing, writing, and parenting is a lifetime of learning; we never really finish the gig, we just keep getting better. With a little luck we'll run into a handful of good editors/writers in this wordy kingdom and leave a legacy of brilliant copy.â
I couldnât have said it better myselfâand I only edited it for punctuation!
Vice, the brutally irreverent New York-based magazine (which now boasts a slew of international editions, a critically-acclaimed online television site and a record label), has long employed free distribution at downtown boutiques to deliver its influential brand of hipster content to readers. And whatever your feelings are on Vice's acidic tone, thereâs no arguing that itâs one of the prettiest, heaviest free magazines aroundâa fact the magazine itself touts on its covers.
Which is why it was bit of a shock to see the subscription card in a recent issue asking people to pay for subscriptions.
Why now? Vice says the magazine is so pretty, readers take stacks of free copies from these boutiques, subverting the key part of their distribution model. Could this be first sign of trouble at Vice, a multiplatform, success story that has had as much to do with image as business acumen? Or is this a sly way to tack on revenue at a company whose founders have successfully positioned themselves as professional tastemakers, inking a development deal with MTV?
One of those founders, Gavin McInnes, left the company last month, citing âcreative differences.â
His exit memo was, of course, brutally irreverent.
The New York Giants won the Super Bowl, but who won the ad game? After the show there will be many reviews of the ads and which ones got the viewers attention. It turns out there is a big dividend paid to those Super Bowl ads that score high, literally. University of Buffalo doctoral student Jing Jiang and Cornell professor Charles Chang studied the relationship between company stock price and Super Bowl advertising for the last 17 Super Bowls and discovered that the top 10 Super Bowl ads significantly moved the stock price right after the game for advertisers.
According to the study, "The stocks of companies running ads that ranked in the top 10 outperformed the Standard & Poorâs 500 index by 26 basis points the day after the game and by 1.6 percentage points over the following week.
After four weeks, the shares did almost 3 percentage points better than the S&P 500, although Kim says the link between the Super Bowl ads and the performance of the stock weakens over time because other news and events could influence the price of the shares."
Curiously, there was also consistent minor positive movement on stock price of companies whose ads scored lowest. It seems the most dangerous place to be as far as stock price goes is in the middle.
As you chat with advertisers today, the day after Super Bowl Sunday, mentioning this curious study is a great way to reinforce the effectiveness of advertising and of the importance of having great creative that connects with an audience.
More here ...
If you could change the mindset of only one person at your publication, who would it be? If you could get only one person to become part of the Web culture, who would it be?
Perhaps you'd say the managing editor. Or maybe the head of ad sales. Maybe you'd vote for the CEO or the editor-in-chief or the publisher.
But here's my suggestion: Change the mindset of your recruiter.
A few months ago I sat on a panel with two recruiters from mid-sized newspaper chains. They were both lovely people. But I think it's safe to say that they didn't share my beliefs about how to recruit or what to look for in a new hire.
One of them was asked "what would make you throw out a resume?" And she replied that she wouldn't hire anyone with a resume that said "multimedia reporter." She went on to say that she was looking for "newspaper people." But then, a few minutes later, she mentioned that the reporters at her chain were now being trained to carry video cameras.
The other woman, when asked about how she looks through applications, said she doesn't look at electronic resumes and won't follow links to Web stories, multimedia packages or other online examples of work. The reason? She said she didn't have the time, and preferred to look at things on paper.
In the world of B2B, I suspect that the folks that screen resumes for us have many of these same mindset problems. And it's not their fault. It's our fault.
At big companies, much of recruiting is done by people in human resources. And those folks are often experts in the world of HR. But how many of them are aware of the changes underway in media? How many of them understand the challenges of moving to online?
At smaller companies, editorial recruiting is often done by the existing staff. But how can we expect legacy editors to understand what to look for in the next generation of journalists. In some cases, the initial screening of resumes is done by administrative personnel. But if we haven't yet been able to get many of our senior editors to understand the Web, why would we expect our admins to grasp the nature of online journalism?
But the problem that I see most often is worse -- people who don't have a clue about new media looking to hire new talent. They don't even know what Web terms and acronyms to look for in a resume.
But either way, the solution is the same. If you want to hire the right people with the right skills and the right mindset, then you must ensure that the person who does your recruiting knows online journalism.
Here are five steps to take:
1. Find out how applications are processed at your publication. Who writes the ads, screens the resumes, etc.2. Meet with that person on an informal basis. Try to gauge what they do and don't understand about new media.3. Invite them to meet with anyone on staff who has the skills you're trying to duplicate.4. Invite them to attend the places where you talk about the future -- senior leadership meetings, editorial meetings, newsroom training sessions, etc.5. Offer to help. If you know what your publication needs, ask if you can help screen resumes and interview applicants.
1. Find out how applications are processed at your publication. Who writes the ads, screens the resumes, etc.
2. Meet with that person on an informal basis. Try to gauge what they do and don't understand about new media.
3. Invite them to meet with anyone on staff who has the skills you're trying to duplicate.
4. Invite them to attend the places where you talk about the future -- senior leadership meetings, editorial meetings, newsroom training sessions, etc.
5. Offer to help. If you know what your publication needs, ask if you can help screen resumes and interview applicants.
As reeling Boston sports fans look for someoneâanyoneâto blame for the Patriotsâ upset loss to the New York Giants in yesterdayâs Super Bowl, Boston area Christian groups are pointing their fingers at Boston magazine over what they say is a controversial ad in the February issue.
The ad, for the Equinox Fitness Club, depicts a group of women dressed as nuns in habit sketching a buff naked man. The ad was designed, in part, by edgy advertising agency Fallon Worldwide as part of its âHappily Everâ campaign which the agency says asks: âWhat is your Happily Ever? What are you striving for in fitness? In life? Whatâs the fairy-tale end game to all your hard work?â The campaign has also run in a number of national magazines including Vanity Fair, Vogue and Esquire.
âThis patently stupid ad that Equinox is floating suggests that it must hype its edgy image in order to compete,â Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights president Bill Donohue wrote on the group's Web site. âThatâs too badâapparently their targeted demographic group isnât lured by the prospect of more barbells and fruit bars. Hence, the need to rip off Catholic imagery in a sophomoric soft-porn ad.â
Sophomoric? Maybe. Iâm not sure how this installment of the âHappily Everâ campaign really helps sell gym memberships. Soft porn? The ad is certainly edgy (it has caused a bit of a stir, hasnât it?), but Iâm not sure that it really crosses any lines.
David H. Lipson Jr., president of Metrocorp (Boston magazineâs parent company) did not return an e-mail seeking comment. A Fallon Worldwide spokesperson declined to comment about the controversy.
What do you think?
NOTE: Please leave your comments in the comments section below.
News-media gossip site Gawker caused a stir at the beginning of 2008 when owner Nick Denton sent an internal memo saying that bloggers will be compensated for traffic generated, rather than for the number of posts they make. That set off a firestorm in the blogosphere, with pundits ranging from Valleywag (which published the memo) to Publishing 2.0's Scott Karp debating whether this is part of a trend in which editorial is being valued less for legitimate content and more for flashy, gossipy pieces that drive hits. The debate also focuses on whether a lot of "hits" are necessarily preferable to the "right" kind of traffic.
Still, this isn't a phenomenon limited to new media companies like Gawker. Ziff Davis Enterprise has focused on traffic-driving for a while. "From a journalism perspective, there was a new imperative to rationalize: Grow traffic," Mike Vizard, senior vice president and editorial director of Ziff Davis Enterprise told FOLIO: last year. "Our editors are always keeping an eye on the site traffic and if a story is hot, they'll understand and have five follow-ups." For ZDE, that includes sitting down every month to develop big-idea stories that are going to drive traffic-such as The Top 100 People In IT.
Meanwhile, facing a revenue fall and a cost crunch, publishers are splitting on the value of edit. Many are re-investing in editorial, especially as they try to build up a fledgling online business. Business-to-business publisher Hoyt Publishing is starting to pay editorial sales-type money. "The equation overall has shifted," says president Peter Hoyt. "Instead of paying the salespeople big money, now we're paying the editors and have kids on the phone selling." Consumer enthusiast publisher Gearhead Communications has doubled its edit budget for the last six months and plans to keep doubling it for the foreseeable future.
However, b-to-b media consultant Paul Conley thinks U.S. editorial jobs will increasingly be farmed out overseas, and he's backed up comments made for FOLIO:'s 2008 industry predictions by Peter Goldstone, president of Hanley Wood Business Media. "I predict at least one major b-to-b publisher will outsource some or all of its editorial overseas," Goldstone says. "The most likely scenario is that one of the dozens of magazines that have launched overseas editions in Vietnam, China, India and elsewhere will ask their overseas staff to take over U.S.-focused beats. Once a publisher comes to understand that the work being done overseas is as good as what's done in the home office, it's inevitable that he'll move more work offshore."
On Friday morning Iâll be flying out of sunny Newark, New Jersey and heading to Phoenix for the Super Bowl. Well, not exactly the Super Bowl itself. As a jaded media insider, Iâll actually plant my behind in a seat out of Phoenix in the wee hours of the morning on Sunday and watch the game at home (trust me, itâs a better experience). So the truth is Iâm making the six-hour trek to sweat through Playboyâs million-dollar extravaganza known at Super Saturday Night, the best party we throw outside of Hefâs Mansion spectaculars (the Midsummer Nightâs Eve and Halloween parties in particular). Chances are most people will never get a chance to go to Hefâs biggest blow-outs, so the SSN bash is probably the closest heaven ever gets to earth for a select group of the people who know people.And what will you find when there? I donât know exactly, I havenât been to the venue. But the Playboy marketing, PR and ad sales teams have been overheating their engines for a solid month to pull this thing off, and if the past is any guide, Iâm looking at eight hours of pure adrenaline. So now comes the press-release portion of whatâs going down in the desert, which sadly wonât do it justice, and may actually make the party seem similar to what other magazines and companies are doing. But itâs not. Playboy knows parties, which is why this event, which started 10 years ago as a small, simple advertiser-sponsored event at a restaurant (the lines around the block tipped us off to the fact that we had something to exploit, and so we did) has won the best-party awards from the press and attendees for the last several years.The theme is Playboyâs Desert Oasis and Resort. Common will be the host. Hef will be there. So will our March 2008 cover stars, the Girls Next DoorâHolly, Bridget and Kendra. Theyâll all fly in on the wings of one of our principal sponsors, Jet One Jets. Weâll have huge blow-ups of the new March 2008 coverâthree of them. Why three? Itâs the three GNDâs third time on the cover, and this is the first time Playboy has produced whatâs commonly known as a split run of covers. So thereâs a collectible angle at work. Subscribers are receiving a racy version of the cover, with the girls mostly nude; military bases and Europe will see a semi-nude cover; American newsstands, naturally, will get a clothed version (all variations available for sale at Playboy.com). There will be a celebrity DJâWild âN Out host and actor Nick Cannonâsharing time with DJ Reach. There will be lots of different environmentsâdance floors, cabanas, and an Oasis Bar pouring the drinks of our sponsors (Corona Extra; Cuervo Black) and offering Playboy Cigars. There will be a giant martini glass and a life-size Femlin (itâs her 50th Anniversary, after all), a Playboy TV Lounge (with retro footage of Hef and new clips of current shows; itâs PBTVâs 25th Anniversary (weâre big on anniversaries here)). What else? A coffee shop, the Girls Next Door CafĂ©, with grilled cheese and more TVs (retro-style), a mock-gift shop with lots of freebies (our licensing groups is launching a new menâs underwear line). And at 12:30 our Playmates will change into Playboyâs new menâs boxers.Speaking of girls, weâll have 26 Playmates there, and dozens of Painted Ladies (the most beautiful local models wearing nothing but paint). The New England Patriot Cheerleaders are attending; so are the Hawaiian Tropic Girls. Believe me, based on the amount of happy, partying, scantily clad women alone, thereâs no way another party will beat ours, which is why our magazine competitors have given up on throwing parties on Saturday night, leaving Playboy to own the evening. All this for just 2,000 lucky guestsâso few tickets, that scalpers sometimes drive up the price of the rare black market tix to levels rivaling that of the actual game tickets (sometimes as high as $2,500). Weâve gotten increasingly sophisticated with our ticket production (holograms, black-light watermarks) to avoid counterfeit tickets, which is a huge problem. If someone drinks too much? No worriesâCuervo Black has set up a Safe Rides program to help everyone get home. We expect a lot of celebs to showâEntourage guys like Kevin Dillon and Alyssa Milano, Lauren Conrad, athletes like Amare Stoudamire and Keyshawn Johnson have committed early, and the already large list is sure to grow.One more thing: This is not a sausage fest. The ratio of women to men is generally 1:1, and women who attend the event have as much fun as anybody. Itâs the key to Playboyâs mainstream. A female guest can get as sexy as she wants and dress however she likes without worrying that sheâs going to catch crap for her behavior or having people snark that sheâs underdressed.One of the more comical aspects for us here is receiving calls from executives at companies who shun our business on moral grounds (there are a few of them out there; just look at some of the conservative-leaning corporations who back the kind of political initiatives that are completely opposed to Playboyâs progressive and libertarian philosophies, and youâll be able to identify the hypocrites). Not all my memories of past Super Bowls are good. In fact, I missed last yearâs party in Miami thanks to a stomach flu that hit me right after our walk-through at the Miami Heat arena. I shivered and shook under the covers all through the night, fearful that Iâd miss my early morning plane ride. I also recall a sharing a moment with Gary Cole, our photo director, in Detroit the year before. Our venue was at the Detroit City Airport Hangar. As I was leaving the walk-through with Gary, I pulled my rental car into slow-moving traffic. Some aggressive horns went off behind me; a few cars sped around me and stopped, blocking two lines. A few guys jumped out, yelling and waving their hands. They were upset. âHoly shit!â said Gary. âYouâve broken into a funeral procession.â I gave my best âWhaddya?â with my hands, a shrug, jammed into reverse, then forward, and sped off. Iâve been in my share of funeral processions in New York and had cars break it up, and itâs not a big deal. It is in Detroit, though.Other good times: Being told by Kanye West that we had a great party thanks to high ceilings and DJ Sky Nellor. Watching girls rush a VIP cabana and dance in front of it because some guys showed up from some new show Iâd never watched (turned out they were the stars of Greyâs Anatomy; the Entourage guys are similarly idolized at our events). At one point I found myself entertaining Joe Jackson, Michaelâs father, chatting up Al Sharpton and introducing them to Joan Jett. Or sitting in between Jaime Pressly and Kelly Monaco, running short of small talk, and sweating out a reason to get up and go.And Iâve gleaned one excellent piece of advice, albeit second-hand, from Hef. The Playboy crew and staff and Playmates generally all stay at one hotel. As the editor of the magazine, I donât interact with the Playmates much once theyâve appeared in the magazine, though many of our ad sales and marketing people do as they build their careers. So the Super Bowl, for me, is a reunion of sortsâI looked forward to seeing Monica Leigh and Courtney Culkin from Long Island, plus Cara Zavaleta, Pilar Lastra, Penelope Jiminez, Hiromi Oshima and Tiffany Fallon. I think I was sitting around at the hotel talking to Pilar who joked about how Hef never called her by name but always called her darlinââand other Playmates chimed in and concurred. Even though I am atrociously bad at names, I had a laugh at that, too. Of course, the night of the party when they were all in costume, I put my newly solidified friendships to the test. âHey Cara!â I said. âYou idiot, Iâm Pilar!â she told me. And as if that wasnât enough, I proceeded to screw up a few more names.So from now on, Iâm sticking with darlin'. See you in Phoenix.
Time magazine has tried and failed to get 20 to 30 percent of its clients to buy ads based on total readership rather than circulation, according to a Mediaweek story. The article reports that Time offered advertisers the choice to buy against a guaranteed, MRI-measured total readership of 19.5 million or against a rate base of 3.25 million, 19 percent smaller than in 2006, and only âa fewâ opted to buy on audience. Scenarios like this are confounding for a lot of people. âIt doesnât make sense for an advertiser to buy based on how many copies are printed but rather on how many are seen and what is the action as a result of that,â said John Griffin, president of National Geographic Societyâs magazine group and newly inaugurated MPA chairman, at a recent MPA breakfast. âWe should have some kind of measurement that better reflects the goals of the advertiser. Publishers are arguing that paid circ isnât that important and advertisers are arguing that it is. It should be reversed.â Sure, it should be. But as Griffin said at the breakfast, it is advertisersânot publishersâwho will ultimately make the shift happen (or not). And, judging by this, most advertisers arenât ready for the somewhat ambiguous world of audience metrics. According to the Mediaweek story, some saw the offer as a way to shift conversation away from circulationâa lot of magazines have âa better audience story than a circulation story,â said Barry Lowenthal, president, The Media Kitchen. Some just didnât see making the change as a priority, while many took issue with the nature of reader-reported MRI data. Maybe publishers, instead of asking why advertisers are passing on this option, should ask themselves why they wouldnât.
In early January, shapingyouth.org, a blog on marketing to children, complained to mass retailer Target about a new ad campaign that depicted a woman positioned on a target pattern with the bullâs-eye seemingly targeting her crotch.
What gives, Target? A subliminal sexual message? A lapse into bad taste? Publicity through controversy? Or, did their art director, so wrapped up in the "snow angel" theme, miss the obvious innuendo?
Mistakes happen, but Target's response to the criticism was a showstopper that enraged the blogosphere.
In an e-mail response published in the News York Times, Target replied, âUnfortunately we are unable to respond to your inquiry because Target does not participate with nontraditional media outlets.â
âThis practice,â the public relations person added, âis in place to allow us to focus on publications that reach our core guest,â as Target refers to its shoppers.
The Times covered the response: âWord of the exchange quickly spread and the blogosphere did not appreciate the slight. âTarget doesnât participate in new media channels?â asked the Web site for the Word of Mouth Marketing Association. Target âdismisses bloggersâ commented the blog for Parents for Ethical Marketing. âAhem! So bloggers donât count!â Ms. Jussel chimed in on ShapingYouth."
How long the issue will rage in the blogosphere is hard to say. But a lot of people who held a fine opinion of Target think less so because Target did not offer a simple response to a blogger.
On your next call, if you have a blog product to sell: remind your client that while blogs often deliver small numbers, the readers can be extremely influential and able to quickly muster armies of like minded individuals that can do great harm. As Target may now be learning, ignore blogs at your peril.
Iâve been reluctant to write about Janet Froelich for fear of coming off like a freshman painting student conceding some small admiration for the work of Picasso. Her art direction of the New York Times magazine is legendary, as well as a continuous source of inspiration to the publishing design community. So, I wonât blubber on much.
Nevertheless, I thought Sundayâs cover package was spectacular. Using a relatively restrictive vocabulary of well-worn iconography (maps, globes) She and photo illustrator Kevin Van Aelst push the language in all kinds of unexpected and innovative ways to talk about waning U.S. influence. There are a couple of other stunning spreads in the issue as well. First, the opener and a subsequent spreadâŠ
Style section, with blurry photograph by Julian Schnabel ...
... and a gentle typographical homage to art deco.
The MPA has a terrific booklet that compares the "engagement" qualities of magazines against other media. In a variety of comparisons magazines do extremely well. For me the most sales call friendly parts came on page 14 in the section entitled, "Qualitative dimensions of engagement". Research shows the ads that run in magazines are seen by readers as offering value, not an intrusion.
Use it on a sales call: First off, download the 35 page PDF at the link below. On the call, the trick is to shift the conversation. When many advertisers/marketers talk about engagement they are referring to measurable engagements such reader click throughs, contest entries, getting readers to contribute content or become involved in some way. This great resource from the MPA helps you shift the dialog from this "mechanical" view of engagement into a psychological one where the relationship between magazine and reader take center stage.
You don't have to explain all this on a call. Just explain the magazine engagement story. The story that says, unlike many other media that provide more functionality along along with a lot of distractions (third chart posted below), magazines engage your customers minds and bring the ad message along in a positive way. Very powerful stuff! Download the entire survey here.
Once upon a time (maybe 24-36 months ago), publishers struggled with how to integrate online advertising sales with their existing print efforts.Â Hire a new sales person who knew his or her way around the Internets?Â Retain an outside rep firm with a set of relationships in the online agency world?Â Train your print reps to sell the site?Two to three years later, most publishers have a team of in-house sales reps that can sell integrated packages.Â Why is this so?
Â 1. Online sales know-how has to be one of your core strengths. You'd be foolish to outsource it.
2. There are no more online-only sales people because there are no more print-only sales people. Your average 28 year-old sales person consumes a ton of online media and wants to sell your brand's entire package. Asking them to sell only magazine ads is a non-starter.3. Every RFP that comes in asks for an integrated proposal and, at this point, we're happy to provide one. We can provide print, online, video, events, whatever. You want ideas? Big-time publishers can deliver video of Beyonce caressing your product online, polybagged and on national TV.
2. There are no more online-only sales people because there are no more print-only sales people. Your average 28 year-old sales person consumes a ton of online media and wants to sell your brand's entire package. Asking them to sell only magazine ads is a non-starter.
3. Every RFP that comes in asks for an integrated proposal and, at this point, we're happy to provide one. We can provide print, online, video, events, whatever. You want ideas? Big-time publishers can deliver video of Beyonce caressing your product online, polybagged and on national TV.
At DISCOVER, we'd have to replace Beyonce with a sexy theoretical physicist, but you get my point.I will even argue that publishers are ahead of advertising buyers in this respect.Â Looking through our top 100 advertisers, 80-90% of the accounts have print and online media buying at the same agency.Â When you go the meetings, though, you often see the two teams separately, the print buyer is still looking for online as a value-add, and the online buyer works on another floor or another city.So, get with it, media buyers.Â When a single planning team is evaluating the combo print-online-event-TV proposal (and paying for each of those elements), that's when advertising will truly be integrated.