2008 M+A Outlook
Middle-market deals, strategics and digital to play bigger roles.
To look ahead at M&A prospects for 2008, it makes sense to examine what transpired in 2007. There were several factors last year, and not just the subprime fiasco, that set the stage for what should be a very interesting 2008. Among those were the continued rise of the strategic buyer and the bullish activity around digital company bolt-ons. All of these factors are informing the year ahead, which many observers remain cautiously optimistic about, and expect it to be highlighted by a continued high-level interest in digital properties and an expected move by strategic buyers to fill the gap left by market-stressed financial players. Overall, however, the action will be on the middle-market deals until the credit markets settle down.
A Tale of Contrasts
A look back to early 2007 reveals a market in the midst of a
feeding frenzy. The year 2006 had closed out at historic levels not seen since
2000 and in their 2007 M&A Report, DeSilva + Phillips said, ‚ÄúThe outlook
for M&A in 2007 is as good as we‚Äôve ever seen. All the pieces are in place:
Availability of funds, favorable interest rates, eager buyers without the time
to build rather than buy, brands that need new delivery platforms.‚ÄĚ
Now, however, the tone is noticeably subdued. In this year‚Äôs M&A Report, DeSilva + Phillips said this: ‚ÄúA year ago, we predicted a deal market as good as we‚Äôve ever seen, basing it on five factors... In essence, four of the five factors are still at work. M&A transactions will continue, but because of the increased friction from debt markets, at a slower pace than in the past two years. The deal market may not be bigger than it was in 2007, but it will be more complex, and ever more fascinating.‚ÄĚ
Indeed, the subprime mess put the breaks on deals in the
fourth quarter of 2007‚ÄĒ‚ÄúHad the deal tempo stayed on the pre-September beat,
there would have been twice [as many] deals completed in the last four months
of 2007,‚ÄĚ says the DeSilva & Phillips report.
But mid-market and smaller deals still got done, and this is where observers are saying the action for 2008 will be‚ÄĒfor both strategics and private equity, which may be feeling the pressure to put its capital to work sooner rather than later. ‚ÄúIn the middle market, private equity will support any deal at 5-times EBITDA, fewer deals at 6-times, ad no deals at 7-times,‚ÄĚ says Michael Alcamo, president of M.C. Alcamo & Co. ‚ÄúThere is a very substantial amount of capital that was raised in 2002 and 2003, meaning that it has to be put to work before the end of 2008 or 2009. There will be strong motivations to ‚Äėget the capital out of the door.‚Äô‚ÄĚ
‚ÄúWe think the middle market will remain active and will be
driven by interactive and marketing services sectors as the Internet continues
to transform traditional media sectors,‚ÄĚ says Scott Peters, managing director
at the Jordan Edmiston Group. ‚ÄúAssets that are market leaders with strong
fundamentals will continue to trade for premium multiples. High-growth
companies will also be in high demand. Deals that rely on heavy leverage will
be a challenge given the state of the debt market. That being said, the middle
market will remain active and reasonable debt facilities are still achievable.‚ÄĚ
With the combination of tougher credit facilities and a grim economic forecast this year‚ÄĒthe Feds chopped the short-term interest rates by .75 percent at presstime, the largest cut in almost 20 years, more even than the cut after the 9/11 attacks‚ÄĒthe focus for buyers may be on properties that are performing at a high level, as Peters notes. Buyer patience for underperforming assets with growth potential may be cut short by the economic outlook. ‚ÄúHigh-quality assets that are reasonably priced will continue to trade,‚ÄĚ says Thomas Kemp, managing director at Veronis Suhler Stevenson. At least one executive, for the very same economic reasons, agrees. ‚ÄúIt will be more difficult to sell magazines that are not a leader in their field or that are unprofitable,‚ÄĚ says Effrem Zimbalist, chairman and CEO of enthusiast publisher Active Interest Media. ‚ÄúA turnaround is much more difficult in a declining economy, and advertisers tend to reduce commitments first to the laggards in the field.‚ÄĚ
A Strategic Comeback?
With the tight credit market, strategics are smelling
opportunity, and are likely to step up last year‚Äôs already gap-tightening
performance against fi nancial buyers. In its annual survey of 1,600 media
execs, AdMedia Partners found that 71 percent of respondents believe the
economy will be weaker thanks to the housing slowdown, subprime lending fallout
and a weakening dollar. In what the report calls a ‚Äúdramatic shift,‚ÄĚ 68 percent
of respondents indicate that acquisitions by fi nancial buyers will be down in
2008‚ÄĒan about face from the 72 percent who predicted the opposite for 2007.
This, conclude the respondents, opens the door for strategic buyers. Mark
Edmiston, a partner at AdMedia Partners, agrees: ‚ÄúActivity, generally, will
remain at 2007 levels, but with a shift from mostly private equity to more
strategic deals. Strategics will be more active because they will not be
outpriced by private equity and they need to acquire to grow.‚ÄĚ
An area that strategics may be particularly interested in this year is digital‚ÄĒespecially if they‚Äôre buying for growth. The DeSilva + Phillips M&A report went so far as to label 2007 ‚Äúthe year of the digital niche acquisition,‚ÄĚ and it‚Äôs likely the momentum in that market will continue into 2008.
‚ÄúThe year 2007 was the biggest year by far for watching traditional media using the acquisition tool to acquire digital properties,‚ÄĚ says the report. Indeed, Penthouse‚Äôs $500 million acquisition of Various Inc. made the firm‚Äôs Top 15 deals list. The report also notes that Meredith, Hearst, Hachette, Time Inc., National Geographic Ventures, Wicks Business, Forbes Media, PennWell, MediMedia, WoltersKluwer, IDG and Ziff Davis Enterprises all made digital deals last year.
DeSilva + Phillips characterized most of the deals as adding
a niche focus to a big company, not a complete platform rollout. This means
that companies are largely interested in improving and building on something
they already have, whether features, technology, or talent, for example. It‚Äôs a
significant shift from the giant, transformational acquisitions traditional
publishers were making in the early part of the decade.
Overall, whether mid-market deals continue at a brisk pace or not, buyers will be approaching deals on a more conservative basis, from pricing to due diligence. ‚ÄúIt will be much more difficult to complete transactions in 2008 in light of declining economic conditions and tightening credit markets,‚ÄĚ says Kemp. ‚ÄúDue diligence will take longer than ever.‚ÄĚ
And overpriced deals will also go away, says Zimbalist,
noting that overly generous offers will be reigned in. ‚ÄúIt goes without saying
that the operating environment will be much more difficult in 2008, and one
needs to be conservative in modeling growth and cashflow of the target. This is
not the year to bid whatever it takes to win the auction and then figure out
how to make it work afterward.‚ÄĚ
And the Race Is On
In 2008 the perennial struggle between strategic and financial buyers will escalate in the middle-market.
The so-called strategic buyers‚ÄĒpublishers with no private
equity backing‚ÄĒare predicted to be much more active in 2008 than recent years
when private equity buyers stormed the market with war chests stuffed with
capital. A tight debt market and a strategic change that favors acquisitive growth
over organic growth has non-financial buyers excited to buy again. Yet while
the big, $1 billion-plus deals may slow to a crawl, the middle market is still
expected to remain hot, and with multiples settling a bit, a more pragmatic
buying climate, and funds still fl ush with cash, private equity is hardly out
of the race.
‚ÄúLower and middle-market PE activity will continue to be active in 2008 for the simple reason that PE fi rms need to put the commitments in their funds to work,‚ÄĚ says Veronis Suhler Stevenson‚Äôs Tom Kemp. ‚ÄúAlso, the pricing will likely be more reasonable, although credit terms will be tougher. Don‚Äôt look for the large transactions of the recent past such as Advanstar, Penton, Primedia Enthusiast, and ALM that took advantage of favorable credit markets.‚ÄĚ
And while private equity may be feeling pressure to act, strategics are once again seeing the value in growth through acquisition. ‚ÄúWe see strategics picking up the pace of M&A as they have been building their war chests over the last few years and will be less likely to be outbid by PE funds,‚ÄĚ says the Jordan Edmiston Group‚Äôs Scott Peters. ‚ÄúThe continued shift from traditional to interactive media will also drive strategic M&A as companies look to acquire new capabilities and human capital to help transform their businesses.‚ÄĚ